3D Woven Fabrics
Providing high durability, excellent strength, and innovative joining capabilities, advanced composites based on 3D woven fabrics continue to evolve as technology charges forward. Used in a wide range of industries, including off-shore structures, ballistics, and aerospace, these custom 3D woven materials are valuable in many types of applications.
In recent years, 3D woven fabric based composites have seen major advances and growth. Easier to lay-up and infuse, these materials also carry no risk of delamination—a common struggle with 2D woven composites.
3D Woven Fabric Technology
Using specialized weaving systems and looms, the in-plane yarns in Tex Tech’s 3D woven fabrics are produced with uncrimped fibers to eliminate potential weaknesses in the material. The straight fibers in our woven fabrics lack stress-concentrating undulations, resulting in higher-strength products, while Z-fibers provide enhanced toughness and resistance to delamination.
Composites based on 3D woven fabrics also perform well in replacing traditional materials, such as steel, without sacrificing durability or strength. Their high strength-to-weight makes them ideal for industries such as transportation, heavy industrial, and marine.
3D woven fabrics can also be produced with specialty fibers and materials for advanced composite applications such as fireproofing and ballistics protection. Tex Tech Industries works with many of these materials, including:
- E-glass and S-glass
- Aramids such as Kevlar and Twaron
- PAN carbon fibers and pitch carbon fibers
- Stainless steel yarns
- Alumina, silica, PE, UHMWPE, and other specialty fibers
3D Braided Filler Rope
Filler rope is used to fill gaps or reduce tight corners in a composite laminate, preventing resin rich areas in the final composite part. It makes joints stronger and eliminates the use of epoxy putty to fill in areas after the infusion.
Tex Tech’s Filler Rope is a unique 3D braid with glass yarns in braiding positions forming a pattern around texturized glass yarns in axial (0 degree) positions. This structure conforms to the shape, infuses quickly, and provides reinforcement in difficult areas.
The standard Filler Ropes come with either a triangular cross-section with 9 mm (3/8”) or 11 mm (1/2”) sides or a circular cross-section with a 6 mm (1/4”) diameter.
3D Weaving and Prototyping at Tex Tech Industries
As a leading provider of high-performance materials, Tex Tech Industries is proud to offer 3D weaving. Our through-thickness reinforcement allows for the production of extremely tough but lightweight products.
Our in-house team of design engineers also specializes in 3D weaving prototyping and short-run services for client testing. With over 80 published papers on this technology and experience gleaned from dozens of projects, there is a solid bank of knowledge to draw from.
To learn more about 3D woven fabrics or discuss how we can help with your next project, reach out to the team today.
Download the 3D Woven Components eBook
In our new eBook, 3D Woven Components: Performance and Production Benefits, we break down the advantages of 3D weaving.Download Now